High blood pressure/hypertension Symptoms, Causes, Prevent
High blood pressure/hypertension Symptoms :-
Even when blood pressure measurements are at dangerously high levels, the majority of persons with high blood pressure show no symptoms. Years may go by while you have high blood pressure with no signs or symptoms.
Headaches: Severely high blood pressure may be indicated by strong, persistent, and intense headaches, especially in the morning.
Shortness of Breath: If the heart needs to work harder owing to high blood pressure, it may cause difficulty breathing or shortness of breath.
Nosebleeds: Although there are several causes of nosebleeds, hypertension may occasionally be one of them.
Visual Modifications: Hypertension can occasionally cause visual modifications, such as blurred vision or the perception of spots.
Chest Pain: Serious hypertension can put a strain on the heart’s muscles, resulting in discomfort or pain in the chest.
High blood pressure/hypertension Diagnosis :-
Your doctor will examine you, inquire about your medical history, and look for any signs of high blood pressure. Using a stethoscope, your healthcare provider listens to your heart.
Typically wrapped around your arm, a cuff is used to measure your blood pressure.High blood pressure/hypertension Symptoms Fitting the cuff is crucial. Blood pressure measurements might differ whether it is too high or too low. Using a tiny hand pump or a machine, the cuff is inflated.
Blood pressure measurement
In a blood pressure reading, the top number—known as systolic pressure—measures the pressure in the arteries during a pulse and the bottom number—known as diastolic pressure—measures the pressure in the arteries between heartbeats. An inflatable cuff is often wrapped around the arm to take blood pressure. The cuff is inflated using a machine or a tiny hand pump. In this picture, a device measures blood pressure. An automatic blood pressure reading is what this is.
Your blood pressure should be examined for the first time in both arms to look for differences. After that, you should utilise the arm with the higher reading.
Millimetres of mercury, or mm Hg, are used to measure blood pressure. Two numbers make up a reading of blood pressure.
Systolic pressure, the top number. The first value, which is higher, represents the pressure created by the heartbeat in the arteries.
Diastolic pressure is the bottom number. The pressure in the arteries between heartbeats is measured by the second, or lower, number.
If the blood pressure value is 130/80 millimetres of mercury (mm Hg) or above, high blood pressure (hypertension), is considered to be present. Typically, a diagnosis of high blood pressure is made by averaging two or more measurements collected at various times.
High blood pressure/hypertension Tests :-
If your physician determines that you have high blood pressure, they could suggest testing to look for a cause.
Ambulatory monitoring :-To assess blood pressure at regular intervals over six or twenty-four hours, a prolonged blood pressure monitoring test may be used. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring is what is meant by this. However, not all medical facilities have access to the test’s equipment. High blood pressure/hypertension Symptoms Find out from your insurance whether ambulatory blood pressure monitoring is a service that is covered.
Lab tests:- For disorders that may contribute to or exacerbate high blood pressure, blood and urine tests are performed. For instance, tests are performed to examine your blood sugar and cholesterol levels. Lab tests to examine the function of your thyroid, liver, and kidneys may also be performed.