Disease spread by improper toilets and sanitation is one of the biggest malaise of our times. The brief set by the RSA was to re-design the toilet for peri-urban communities in developing countries with a human-centered approach.
I decided to take a 'jugaad' approach to designing for this. ‘Jugaad’ could be described as the Indian art of ‘make do’, to use existing resources in an innovative way.
The concept is a communal sink which makes use of people’s existing behaviour of bringing their own water to the toilet, but improves the quality of their handwashing by providing a makeshift tap which slows down the rate of flow of the water, giving them time to properly wash their hands.
The tap itself is simply a bottle cut in half with holes poked in the lid so that people can pour their own water into it, and then wash their hands properly under the stream of water. The greywater is then reused to keep the toilets clean as they are piped directly into the toilet bowls.
The sink itself would made from clay, cheap and available all over India so that it could be manufactured locally.