The first theater faculty in Romania begins its activity in 1834 within the Philharmonic School. A Faculty of Stage Direction opens in 1948 within the Romanian Art Institute – at that time (1948-1950), the center of all Romanian higher education in the arts. 1950 sees the founding of both the Institute for Film and the Institute for Theater I. L. Caragiale (named after the classic Romanian playwright). In 1954, the two institutions merge into the Institute of Theater and Film I.L. Caragiale (IATC). The Institute will function under this name until 1990, when it will become the Academy of Theater and Film (ATF) – the only such school in Romania to enjoy a ranking equal to that of a university, as well as international recognition.